HOW TO ASK FOR DIRECTIONS IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY
08 JULY, 2016 TIPS AND VOCABULARY JAMES BURT
You’re on the street in New York and need to get to the nearest subway. Or you’re in Beijing and trying to find the bus to take you to the Great Wall. Or you’re meeting friends at a pizzeria in Rome, a big city with a lot of different pizzerias.
This should all be easy. But if you aren’t sure where you’re going and don’t speak the language, it can turn into an embarrassing experience. There are ways that you can ask for directions, no matter where you are in the world and what language is around you.
Consider the following:
Know your location
You can always communicate where you want to go by knowing the place that you’re heading to. It may be a particular attraction, notable site, or address. Either way, if you do a bit of homework before you leave on your trip, or once you arrive at your first destination to get a sense of where you are going later, you can articulate a request for directions that much more easily.
Have some pictures or maps
Related to the point above, if you are uncertain about your pronunciation when asking for directions in a non-native language, it helps to carry a map, brochure or picture of where you want to go. A stranger can see where exactly your destination is and point you in the right direction. Carrying a pen to have them draw you a crude map is helpful too. As the old saying goes, ‘a picture can say a thousand words’, and in the case of asking for directions in a foreign country, this adage is completely true.
Use body language
Often travelers have to be like silent film actors when asking for directions. It sounds silly, but being able to use your hands, fingers, and even facial expressions can assist in making strangers understand where you want to go. Some travelers pose like the Statue of Liberty or draw in the air a shape of Egyptian pyramids with their fingers to give people an idea of what specific location they are seeking. This also helps to show a sense of humour that will put you at ease with unfamiliar people around you.
Incorporate native and local words
Students and travelers often don’t give themselves enough credit for their ability to learn a non-native language quickly or utilise what they learn quickly. It’s just a matter of paying attention to the native environment and what key words could be of use. For example, if you’re in London, you will quickly learn that native Londoners call their underground train system ‘the tube’, or that the ‘liveria’, taken from the word ‘livro’ or ‘book’, is bookstore in any Portuguese speaking country. Doing this helps listeners know the specifics of where you want to go while strengthening your own vocabulary simultaneously.
Don’t get worried
From Tokyo to Berlin, you might have trouble getting your direction request across to those you ask. Even if you studied the rudiments of the native language, your speaking might not be up to local dialect standards. You may also encounter people that appear aloof or uninterested in what you’re asking. Don’t get discouraged. Keep calm, refine your approach and be polite when asking. Eventually, you’ll find your way.
Practice makes perfect, and if you wish to improve your own English communication skills so that you can travel more to English-speaking countries, try TLG’s Speaking Skills classes, as well as our Vocabulary Development and even Canadian Culture courses. These courses will help you with traveling and communicating better in English.